Q: What is the prime factorization of the number 515,432?

 A:
  • The prime factors are: 2 x 2 x 2 x 19 x 3,391
    • or also written as { 2, 2, 2, 19, 3,391 }
  • Written in exponential form: 23 x 191 x 3,3911

Why is the prime factorization of 515,432 written as 23 x 191 x 3,3911?

What is prime factorization?

Prime factorization or prime factor decomposition is the process of finding which prime numbers can be multiplied together to make the original number.

Finding the prime factors of 515,432

To find the prime factors, you start by dividing the number by the first prime number, which is 2. If there is not a remainder, meaning you can divide evenly, then 2 is a factor of the number. Continue dividing by 2 until you cannot divide evenly anymore. Write down how many 2's you were able to divide by evenly. Now try dividing by the next prime factor, which is 3. The goal is to get to a quotient of 1.

If it doesn't make sense yet, let's try it...

Here are the first several prime factors: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29...

Let's start by dividing 515,432 by 2

515,432 ÷ 2 = 257,716 - No remainder! 2 is one of the factors!
257,716 ÷ 2 = 128,858 - No remainder! 2 is one of the factors!
128,858 ÷ 2 = 64,429 - No remainder! 2 is one of the factors!
64,429 ÷ 2 = 32,214.5 - There is a remainder. We can't divide by 2 evenly anymore. Let's try the next prime number
64,429 ÷ 3 = 21,476.3333 - This has a remainder. 3 is not a factor.
64,429 ÷ 5 = 12,885.8 - This has a remainder. 5 is not a factor.
64,429 ÷ 7 = 9,204.1429 - This has a remainder. 7 is not a factor.
...
Keep trying increasingly larger numbers until you find one that divides evenly.
...
64,429 ÷ 19 = 3,391 - No remainder! 19 is one of the factors!
3,391 ÷ 19 = 178.4737 - There is a remainder. We can't divide by 19 evenly anymore. Let's try the next prime number
3,391 ÷ 23 = 147.4348 - This has a remainder. 23 is not a factor.
3,391 ÷ 29 = 116.931 - This has a remainder. 29 is not a factor.
3,391 ÷ 31 = 109.3871 - This has a remainder. 31 is not a factor.
...
Keep trying increasingly larger numbers until you find one that divides evenly.
...
3,391 ÷ 3,391 = 1 - No remainder! 3,391 is one of the factors!

The orange divisor(s) above are the prime factors of the number 515,432. If we put all of it together we have the factors 2 x 2 x 2 x 19 x 3,391 = 515,432. It can also be written in exponential form as 23 x 191 x 3,3911.

Factor Tree

Another way to do prime factorization is to use a factor tree. Below is a factor tree for the number 515,432.

515,432
Factor Arrows
2257,716
Factor Arrows
2128,858
Factor Arrows
264,429
Factor Arrows
193,391

More Prime Factorization Examples

515,430515,431515,433515,434
21 x 33 x 51 x 231 x 83172 x 671 x 157131 x 171,811121 x 257,7171
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