A perfect square is a number that can be expressed as the product of two equal integers.
The only way to accurately calculate if a number is a perfect square is to find the factors. Before we go through the trouble of finding the factors, there is a quick trick you can use to help determine if you need even need to do the extra work.
Try these steps first:
Let's try it...
What is the last number of 123,456,789? It is this number: 123456789. The answer is 9. Is 9 in the list of numbers that are never perfect squares (2, 3, 7 or 8)?
Answer: NO, 9 is not in the list of numbers that are never perfect squares. Let's continue to the next step.
We now need to obtain the digital root of the number. Here's how you do it:
If the answer is more than one digit, you would add each digit of the answer together again:
What is the digital root of number 123,456,789?
So now we know the digital root of 123,456,789 is 9. Is 9 in the list of digital roots that are always a square root (1, 4, 7 or 9)?
Answer: YES, 9 is in the list of digital roots that are always perfect squares. We can conclude that 123,456,789 could be a perfect square!
OK, so now we know that 123,456,789 could be a perfect square. We have to find the factors of the number to be sure.
Here are all of the factors of 123,456,789: