Q: What is the prime factorization of the number 549,684,513?

 A:
  • The prime factors are: 3 x 3 x 7 x 233 x 37,447
    • or also written as { 3, 3, 7, 233, 37,447 }
  • Written in exponential form: 32 x 71 x 2331 x 37,4471

Why is the prime factorization of 549,684,513 written as 32 x 71 x 2331 x 37,4471?

What is prime factorization?

Prime factorization or prime factor decomposition is the process of finding which prime numbers can be multiplied together to make the original number.

Finding the prime factors of 549,684,513

To find the prime factors, you start by dividing the number by the first prime number, which is 2. If there is not a remainder, meaning you can divide evenly, then 2 is a factor of the number. Continue dividing by 2 until you cannot divide evenly anymore. Write down how many 2's you were able to divide by evenly. Now try dividing by the next prime factor, which is 3. The goal is to get to a quotient of 1.

If it doesn't make sense yet, let's try it...

Here are the first several prime factors: 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29...

Let's start by dividing 549,684,513 by 2

549,684,513 ÷ 2 = 274,842,256.5 - This has a remainder. Let's try another prime number.
549,684,513 ÷ 3 = 183,228,171 - No remainder! 3 is one of the factors!
183,228,171 ÷ 3 = 61,076,057 - No remainder! 3 is one of the factors!
61,076,057 ÷ 3 = 20,358,685.6667 - There is a remainder. We can't divide by 3 evenly anymore. Let's try the next prime number
61,076,057 ÷ 5 = 12,215,211.4 - This has a remainder. 5 is not a factor.
61,076,057 ÷ 7 = 8,725,151 - No remainder! 7 is one of the factors!
8,725,151 ÷ 7 = 1,246,450.1429 - There is a remainder. We can't divide by 7 evenly anymore. Let's try the next prime number
8,725,151 ÷ 11 = 793,195.5455 - This has a remainder. 11 is not a factor.
8,725,151 ÷ 13 = 671,165.4615 - This has a remainder. 13 is not a factor.
8,725,151 ÷ 17 = 513,244.1765 - This has a remainder. 17 is not a factor.
...
Keep trying increasingly larger numbers until you find one that divides evenly.
...
8,725,151 ÷ 233 = 37,447 - No remainder! 233 is one of the factors!
37,447 ÷ 233 = 160.7167 - There is a remainder. We can't divide by 233 evenly anymore. Let's try the next prime number
37,447 ÷ 239 = 156.682 - This has a remainder. 239 is not a factor.
37,447 ÷ 241 = 155.3817 - This has a remainder. 241 is not a factor.
37,447 ÷ 251 = 149.1912 - This has a remainder. 251 is not a factor.
...
Keep trying increasingly larger numbers until you find one that divides evenly.
...
37,447 ÷ 37,447 = 1 - No remainder! 37,447 is one of the factors!

The orange divisor(s) above are the prime factors of the number 549,684,513. If we put all of it together we have the factors 3 x 3 x 7 x 233 x 37,447 = 549,684,513. It can also be written in exponential form as 32 x 71 x 2331 x 37,4471.

Factor Tree

Another way to do prime factorization is to use a factor tree. Below is a factor tree for the number 549,684,513.

549,684,513
Factor Arrows
3183,228,171
Factor Arrows
361,076,057
Factor Arrows
78,725,151
Factor Arrows
23337,447

More Prime Factorization Examples

549,684,511549,684,512549,684,514549,684,515
171 x 1811 x 178,643125 x 131 x 1,321,357121 x 274,842,257151 x 831 x 1311 x 10,1111
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