Q: What are the prime factors of the number 56?

 A: 2, 7

Why are those the prime factors of the number 56?

Prime factors are the prime numbers that can be multipled together to equal the original number. You find the factors by dividing by prime numbers. It is best shown by creating a Factor Tree.

Factor Tree for the number 56

56
Factor Arrows
228
Factor Arrows
214
Factor Arrows
27

The numbers in bold above are the prime factors. If there are multiples, you only count them one time. This leads us to our prime factors of:

2, 7

We can check our work by multiplying all of the prime factors together: 2 x 2 x 2 x 7 = 56

This can also be written as 23 x 71 = 56

If you would like to know more, or need additional explanation, please review our prime factorization explanation.

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